Stress is an emotional condition, which causes tension, anxiety and sometimes frustration. It may take place when we cannot cope with some problems or feel uncomfortable with some situations. Nevertheless, can it be the reason of diabetes appearance?
What may cause stress?
Our life is full of different events and, unfortunately, they are not always pleasant. Very often people, who are experiencing life difficulties feel stressed. No matter which aspect of life is involved (family, friends, job), the consequences of this state may be very serious.
What is the physiological mechanism of stress?
When a person is under stress, his body starts producing hormones of stress: adrenaline, noradrenaline and cortisol. The first two are responsible for immediate reaction to the stressful situation. They may induce the state called “fight or flight”. Under the influence of these hormones releases additional energy. Hence, the level of glucose in the blood flow grows. In case your body lacks insulin (type 1 diabetes) or cannot properly use it to transform glucose into energy (type 2 diabetes), the blood sugar may raise to dangerous levels.
The third hormone – cortisol (the so-called hormone of stress) is responsible for supporting your good health condition in stressful situations. It maintains normal blood pressure and the balance of liquid in the body.
Nevertheless, if you feel permanent stress and cortisol is released continuously, it may have a negative impact on your immune system, libido, blood pressure and the quantity of sugar in blood. Besides, it promotes obesity, which is a core factor of type 2 diabetes.
How stress influences people with different types of diabetes?
The organisms of people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes may have a different reaction towards the same situations. The effect also depends on the nature of stressful situation. If it is mental stress, patients with type 1 diabetes may react differently: the level of glucose in such patients grows, while some of them experience a contrary reaction. It is vital for type 1 diabetics to keep a constant glucose control when under stress.
Individuals suffering from type 2 diabetes usually have elevated blood glucose on the background of mental stress.
The reaction to physical stress (injury or disease) is common for both types of patients: high blood glucose levels.
What can be done to cope with stress?
First of all, one should understand that his health depends on his ability to find the right solutions even in the most difficult cases. Try to take a different view on the situation. Calmness and staying confident are very important for reducing the impact of stress on human. Here are some advice, which may help you to reduce the effect of stress on your health:
- Relax. Even if you can’t withstand stress at work, for example, you should learn how to quickly relax at home. It will help you to recover and lower the blood sugar indexes. This method is more likely to help individuals with type 2 diabetes.
- Find a hobby. Changing the environment may be very useful. Hobby is a perfect thing to help you forget about daily issues. You can attend dancing or cooking classes. It will improve your mood and thus health.
- Start exercising. Physical exercises are not only perfect prophylaxis to diabetes, they also help to lower blood sugar by making your muscles work. The more you workout, the more glucose your muscles use. As a result, the amount of sugar in the blood flow lowers.
Dealing with stress is not easy, nevertheless, if you want to avoid such a serious disease as diabetes, you should keep your nerves under control. Those, who already have this affliction may significantly reduce the probability of various diabetes complications on the background of stress.
Remember, there is nothing more precious than our health, so no job or family problems are worth our life. Keep calm and stay healthy!