People diagnosed with diabetes are definitely aware of all the possible complications and abnormalities related to the drastic change in the blood glucose range. A considerable decrease or increase of blood sugar can result in a diabetic coma, as well as other life-threatening disorders. Those, who lapse into coma remain alive, though they cannot respond to sounds, sights or similar stimulations. If untreated, the condition can be fatal. The outcomes of the disorder are frightening, but the good news is that it can be easily prevented and managed.
Most commonly, a diabetic coma is experienced by people, who suffer from high blood sugar which exceeds 600 mg/dL. The condition is typical for patients with type 2 diabetes, which is not well-managed or controlled. The risk of coma appearance increases with age, presence of chronic illnesses and disabilities.
Symptoms of the Disorder
To prevent fatal outcomes, a patient should be aware of the symptoms of diabetic coma and its possible triggers. First and foremost, it is vital to remember about key reasons for coma development:
- Hypoglycemia symptoms are simply detectable and most commonly include weakness, tiredness, nervousness, anxiety, shakiness, confusion, lightheadedness, nausea, dizziness, excess hunger, abnormal sweating and several others;
- Hyperglycemia is characterized by fatigue, stomach pain, excess thirst, abnormally frequent urination, dry mouth, breathing impairment, vomiting and nausea, increased heartbeat and several other symptoms.
You need to contact your medical specialist in case you have noticed any of these disorders, as these conditions may be the most powerful triggers of a diabetic coma.
Apart from the symptoms typical for high or low blood sugar, you may experience other disorders such as:
- Inability to speak;
- Altered mental state;
- Visual disorders, etc.
Factors That Contribute to Diabetic Coma
Treatment of diabetic coma is rather complicated, while its prevention requires considerably less effort and management. The only thing you need to do is control your blood glucose level in order to prevent possible extremes. According to the medical information, an abnormally high or low blood sugar range can lead to several life-threatening complications, which can result in a diabetic coma:
- Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome is a severe health disorder, which appears if your blood sugar levels reach the point of 600 mg/dL. In such instances, the blood becomes syrupy and thick. Sugar passes to urine, launching the filtering process, which draws an abnormal amount of fluid out of your body. Dehydration, diabetic coma and numerous other life-threatening disorders can develop as a result of the unmanaged disorder.
- Hypoglycemia. It is a well-known fact that the brain requires a definite glucose range for proper functioning. The abnormal amount of insulin or decreased amount of food can trigger unwanted effects.
- Diabetic ketoacidosis. The condition develops in case your muscle cells start starving for energy. The body may break down fat stores, forming toxic acids called ketones. The untreated condition can lead to dangerous health impairments, including diabetic coma.
Additionally, there are several health disorders and abnormalities, which can lead to severe dehydration and result in a diabetic coma:
- Heart attack;
- Blood clots;
- Bleeding ulcers;
- Certain prescription and non-prescription pharmaceuticals;
- Kidney failure;
- Uncontrolled blood glucose.
Preventing the Life-Threatening Abnormality
While the treatment of diabetic coma is close to impossible, it is inevitable to prevent the condition and manage its early symptoms. Minor lifestyle changes can help you eliminate dangerous symptoms, manage the overall health state and prevent any disorders. Follow specific recommendations and set guaranteed control over the symptoms of diabetes:
- Test your blood sugar levels on a regular basis. Contact your medical specialist in case you have noticed any disorders and changes;
- Change your eating plan. There are numerous healthy meals and snacks, which can assist you in controlling the blood glucose;
- Have a plan B for the sick day. Any illness can trigger blood sugar levels rapidly and unexpectedly. Therefore, discuss this issue with your medical specialist striving to be prepared;
- Have fast-acting sugar source with you in case of a drastic glucose drop;
- Avoid drinking alcohol;
- Wear a medical necklace or bracelet.