Diabetic ketoacidosis is a dangerous diabetes complication, which appears in case the organism starts producing advanced levels of blood acid that is called ketones. The inability to produce a sufficient insulin amount serves the main trigger of the condition occurrence. Since insulin plays an inevitable role in the process of glucose entering the cells, its decreased amounts can considerably harm related body functions. The organism starts breaking down fat, using it as fuel, which usually results in acid buildup in the bloodstream. The consequence of such process is frequently the occurrence of diabetic ketoacidosis.
Patients, who are already diagnosed with diabetes, have an increased risk of diabetic ketoacidosis development, so you should be aware of its symptoms, causes, and possible impairments. Monitor your blood sugar level and contact your doctor immediately if you have noticed any disorders. If untreated, DKA can be a life-threatening condition, so timely medical assistance is the key to a successful treatment.
Symptoms of the Disorder
The symptoms of this serious health concern develop rather fast, and sometimes it can take not more than 24 hours. Therefore, monitoring the body functions and related issues is inevitable, especially if you are in the risk group. The most common and frequently occurring signs include:
- Breathing impairments;
- Frequent urination;
- Abnormal thirst;
- Abdominal pain;
- Confusion, weakness;
- Vision disorders;
- Decreased appetite;
- Fatigue and exhaustion;
- Nausea, vomiting and stomach discomfort;
- Hyperglycemia and others.
Check your blood sugar ranges frequently, in case you feel stressed or ill. Contact your doctor if the level of ketones in urine is moderate or high, your blood sugar level is more than normal and it cannot be improved by home treatments, you vomit and cannot tolerate food. Keep in mind that dehydration, stomach disorders, urination issues and other symptoms of the condition can help you get timely treatment and avoid dangerous side effects and fatal outcomes.
Most Common Causes of Diabetic Ketoacidosis Development
Once you are diagnosed with the condition, you need to find out the reason for its occurrence, as it can help you get proper treatment and eliminate the devastating symptoms fast and effectively. It is known that sugar is the key source of energy, and without it, the cells, muscles, and tissues cannot function properly. Insulin is the component that makes your body function. If your organism cannot get enough insulin, it cannot produce sugar required for energy. The most common result of such health state is the development of dangerous symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis.
The disorder can be triggered by numerous things, such as:
- Complications during insulin therapy. Inadequate insulin treatment or missed therapy can decrease your insulin range drastically, launching the signs of DKA;
- Emotional or physical trauma;
- Specific medications, especially diuretics and corticosteroids;
- Heart attack;
- Drug or alcohol abuse;
- Illness. Infection, as well as other health disorders that cause a higher production of certain hormones, specifically cortisol and adrenaline. Unfortunately, they lead to the symptoms of hypoglycemia and primary signs of diabetic ketoacidosis.
Additionally, the risk of the condition development can be higher in patients, who miss insulin doses frequently, as well as the ones, diagnosed with underlying type 1 diabetes. In rare cases, the condition can hit people with type 2 diabetes. According to the medical information, untreated diabetic ketoacidosis can be fatal.
Ways to Eliminate Signs of the Disorder and Prevent Its Further Aggravation
Before you start searching for medications to overcome the condition, it is inevitable to understand that DKA is a condition that is rapidly developing, so it must be treated in the hospital, most commonly in an intensive care unit. To decrease high levels of blood acids, doctors usually give insulin and fluids through the vein, with further observation whether these chemicals do not cause the swelling in the brain.
While the treatment of DKA is performed by medical specialists, its prevention is much easier and can help warn radical procedures. Consult your medical specialist in case you have noticed the first symptoms of diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis to prevent further aggravations. Insulin treatments are common solutions, prescribed by doctors, as they help manage blood sugar levels, preventing complications.
Additionally, you should constantly manage your diabetes, monitor blood sugar levels, adjust the insulin dose, test ketone levels and be always ready to act fast if necessary.