Diabetic neuropathy is one of the most common diabetes complications that is associated with damaged nerves and related abnormalities. Abnormal blood glucose level can interfere with the nerve fibers, damaging feet and legs. On average, patients report such symptoms of diabetic neuropathy as pain and numbness, signs of urinary tract disorders, blood vessel impairments, heart complications, digestive system issues, etc. The signs of the disorder are ultimately different and depend mainly on the severity of the condition and its type.
Symptoms of Peripheral Neuropathy
The most typical type of diabetes-related neuropathy features a dangerous influence on the legs and feet with accompanying complications associated with arms and hands. The disorders related to peripheral neuropathy aggravate at night and include:
- Serious muscle weakness;
- Decreased sensitivity to temperature changes and pain;
- Sharp cramps or pains;
- Life-threatening foot problems, such as sores, infections, and gangrenes;
- Burning or tingling sensations;
- Reduced coordination and balance;
- Poor reflexes and others.
Autonomic Neuropathy: Signs of Condition Occurrence
Following the information that the autonomic nervous system is in charge of the bladder, intestines, stomach, heart, eyes and sex organs functioning, any diabetes disorder can influence the proper work of any body organ. On average, symptoms of this neuropathy type are:
- Vaginal dryness and female sex-related abnormalities;
- Bladder impairments;
- Hypoglycemia unawareness;
- Uncontrolled diarrhea, constipation, and other stomach-related conditions;
- Sexual dysfunction in men, especially erectile disorder and premature ejaculation;
- Swallowing problems;
- Gastroparesis resulting in decreased appetite, bloating, nausea and vomiting;
- Advanced heart rate;
- Vision problems.
Ways to Diagnose Radiculoplexux Neuropathy
This form of disorder contributes to the nerve functioning within the legs, hips, things, and buttocks. Proximal neuropathy, amyotrophy, and femoral neuropathy are the other names for the condition, which is a typical type 2 diabetes complication, peculiarly in older adults. The symptoms of the health problem occur mainly on one side of the body, with the further risk of expansion to the healthy part. The signs of the disorder are usually associated with:
- Abdominal swelling;
- Considerable weight reduction;
- Weakness and atrophy of thigh muscles;
- Severe or sudden buttocks, thigh or hip pain.
Mononeuropathy and Its Symptoms
Damage to a certain nerve is a peculiar feature of mononeuropathy. Most frequently, the disorder hits the nerves of legs, face, and torso. The condition appears suddenly and develops rapidly causing severe pain. However, the positive point here is the absence of long-term complications. The signs of this diabetic neuropathy type will disappear in several weeks or months even without treatment. On average, people report the following symptoms of the disorder:
- Severe pain in the pelvis or lower back;
- Pain in abdomen or chest;
- Pain in foot or shin;
- Double vision and problems focusing eyes;
- Bell’s palsy, etc.
Leading Reasons for Diabetic Neuropathy Development
The first step in the effective treatment course is finding out the possible cause of the condition development. Any type of neuropathy can be triggered by a range of factors, with the most common being:
- Blood vessel damage;
- Nerve impairments;
- Constantly high blood sugar;
- Genetic predisposition;
- Nerve inflammations and others.
People, who are diagnosed with diabetes, should be ultimately attentive to the symptoms of neuropathy due to the advanced risk of the condition development. Pay attention to the following factors and health abnormalities, which can stimulate the occurrence of unwanted symptoms:
- Long-lasting diabetes;
- Kidney disease;
- Lack of blood sugar control and others.
Treatments and Effective Preventative Methods to Fight Possible Risk of Complications of Diabetes
Despite there is no magic pill that can overcome all the symptoms of the disorder, a patient can easily prevent possible complications. Take care of your feet, check your blood glucose levels often and see your doctor regularly to guarantee proper body functioning with the minimal risk of diabetic neuropathy appearance.