Hyperglycemia is a serious health disorder, which is commonly associated with diabetes. There are several factors that frequently trigger the development of the condition, including accompanying illnesses, physical activities, medications, avoiding the intake of glucose-lowering drugs. The condition appears suddenly, as the result of unmanaged diabetes and absence of regular doctor’s consultation. The medical disorder should be immediately improved, as it can lead to various life-threatening complications of diabetes.
Fast facts about hyperglycemia you should know include the following:
- Hyperglycemia is the condition when a person gets an advanced blood sugar level, which can trigger unwanted reactions and negative outcomes;
- The disorder can serve an early symptom of prediabetes or type1/type2 diabetes;
- In the vast majority of instances, hyperglycemia is caused by diabetes, though it can also be caused by Cushing’s syndrome, pancreatitis, pancreas cancer, hormone-secreting tumors and several other health problems;
- Thirst and frequent urination are the first symptoms that will help you detect the problem and start early treatment;
- Ultimately high ranges of blood glucose can lead to life-threatening complications, such as diabetic ketoacidosis.
Even though the condition is rather serious and can lead to dangerous health problems, it is quite easily diagnosed and treated. Timely medical assistance is halfway to successful and effective problem management.
Common Symptoms of High Blood Glucose
The disorder features a range of signs, which help to diagnose it even at early stages. The main disorders you will experience include:
- Abnormal thirst;
- Frequent urination;
- Excess tiredness and fatigue;
- Vision impairments;
- Concentration disorders;
- Hunger and others.
Diabetic coma is the possible consequence of abnormally high blood sugar. The disorder can bother both patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. With the flow of time, hyperglycemia can damage vital body organs and destroy tissues. The immune response can be changed due to the long-term hyperglycemia influence. Severe nerve damage, kidneys impairment, and vision disorders can be caused by hyperglycemia aggravation.
Reasons for the Condition Development and Risk Factors
Striving to treat the condition, it is inevitable to find out and eliminate the cause of its occurrence. Most commonly, hyperglycemia is the reason of diabetic influence on the organism. However, there have been several instances reported when abnormal blood sugar was the result of hyperthyroidism, pancreatitis, stroke, heart attacks, severe illness, pheochromocytoma, and others.
Irrespective of the potential cause, there are multiple triggers, which can speed up the condition occurrence and development, including:
- Changing the diabetes eating plan;
- Decreased amount of insulin required for the organism;
- Sedentary lifestyle;
- Hard surgery;
- Infection or other devastating illnesses;
- Emotional stress and similar psychological complications.
Right Time to See Doctor: Diagnosing and Treating the Condition
Early condition diagnosing will help you to prevent hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state and other disorders, which can bother a patient as a result of hyperglycemia occurrence. You need to seek emergency medical assistance the moment you have noticed any disorders or abnormalities mentioned above. Your medical specialist will order numerous tests, which will help detect the problem and find its effective solutions. The most powerful and accurate ways to test blood sugar levels include:
- Glycohemoglobin A1c;
- Random blood glucose test;
- Oral glucose tolerance test;
- Fasting blood glucose.
Mild hyperglycemia may not require serious treatment, except for specific lifestyle changes, including regular workouts, diet rich in carbohydrates, vitamins, and emotional balance. However, more serious disorders require more profound therapies, which may presuppose treatment of an underlying health problem rather than decreasing blood glucose levels only.
Long- and Short-Term Complications
Disorders related to hyperglycemia can be ultimately severe. They will definitely depend on the individual health state, body response to remedies and other factors, but the most typical disorders include:
- Kidney failure;
- Blood vessel disorder;
- Heart attack;
- Peripheral artery disease;
- Devastating nerve damage;
- Glaucoma, cataract and similar vision disorders.
Managing the symptoms of hyperglycemia, you need to see your doctor on a regular basis. The rapid decrease of blood glucose can lead to the consequence known as hypoglycemia.