Hypoglycemia is a medical condition associated with critically low levels of blood sugar. The disorder is diagnosed in case a patient has the blood sugar level below 4 mmol/L. Traditionally, the impairment is connected with diabetes, and an overwhelming majority of patients suffering from it have underlying or accompanying diabetes. However, hypoglycemia can hit people without diabetes.
The disorder is the opposite of hyperglycemia when you have an ultimately high blood sugar level, related to excess insulin production. The hormone is aimed at breaking down sugar, providing you with an ability to use it as energy. Being aware of early hyperglycemia symptoms is a way to successful treatment and prevention of further complications. Measure your blood sugar levels regularly to avoid related disorders.
Key Symptoms and Specifications of the Disorder
The symptoms of the disorder are ultimately individual and can depend on the body reaction to fluctuations in the blood glucose range. However, most commonly, people with hypoglycemia experience some of the following symptoms:
- Abnormal tiredness and fatigue;
- Dizziness and drowsiness;
- Loss of consciousness;
- Concentration problems;
- Vision impairments;
- Advanced heart rate;
- Feeling hungry;
- Reasonless mood changes and others.
It is important to remember that hypoglycemia can have no symptoms, which is called hypoglycemia unawareness. Therefore, regular medical examinations are inevitable for effective condition prevention.
Possible Reasons for Hypoglycemia Development
According to the medical information, hypoglycemia can be of two types, including reactive and non-reactive. The causes of the condition development can differ greatly, depending on the type. Before you learn specific information about both hypoglycemia types, you need to be aware of the most widely spread reasons for the blood sugar levels decrease:
- Delayed meals and others.
Considering reactive hypoglycemia, it is vital to understand that its symptoms will appear several hours after a meal. The advanced insulin production by pancreas will stimulate the occurrence of reactive hypoglycemia. The condition bears a range of risks, including possible diabetes appearance.
Non-reactive hypoglycemia is frequently caused by accompanying or underlying medical conditions. The disorder is not related to meals. Most common reasons for this hypoglycemia type are:
- Drinking alcohol that restricts natural glucose production by the liver;
- Specific pharmaceuticals that are taken to eliminate the signs of kidney failure;
- Anorexia and certain other eating impairments;
- Heart, liver or kidney disorders.
Despite being rarely diagnosed, pancreas tumor can stimulate abnormal insulin production, which leads to hypoglycemia. Hormone deficiency is another dangerous condition that can be the reason for decreased glucose level. Patients, who have undergone stomach surgery to alleviate the signs of gastroesophageal reflux disease, can experience dumping syndrome when the organism releases abnormal insulin as a response to meals rich in carbohydrates.
People, who are not diagnosed with diabetes, can also witness hypoglycemia symptoms. The risk group includes patients who:
- Have a family history of diabetes;
- Are obese;
- Have a recent history of surgery on the stomach;
- Have a prediabetic condition or other devastating health disorders.
How to Diagnose and Treat Hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia is the disorder that can appear in fasting state when you have gone without eating for a long time. Fasting test is the first thing you will be required to take. Measuring blood sugar levels at different times is inevitable for proper diagnosis. Mixed-meal tolerance test is another way to diagnose hypoglycemia that appears after eating. The results are usually ready within several days, so you may either exclude the condition or start the treatment course. If your blood test shows the results lower than 50-70 milligrams per deciliter, you should start hypoglycemia treatment course.
Contact your medical specialist the moment you have noticed any of the above-mentioned hypoglycemia symptoms. Take the required tests and start an appropriate treatment course, if necessary. Glucose will boost your blood sugar levels fast and effectively. However, it is a short-term treatment only, so you need to get more permanent assistance. Diabetes medications can eliminate the possible underlying condition, balancing blood sugar ranges and its symptoms. Timely therapy can prevent further hypoglycemia complications and health impairments.