According to the medical information, nephropathy is the synonym for kidney damage. Diabetic nephropathy, in its turn, is the same condition, but triggered by the development of diabetes in the organism. The dangerous issue can result in kidney failure or other life-threatening complications. However, it is important to remember that kidney damage is not an ordinary symptom of diabetes, and it hits only a minor part of all the patients. Around 40% of people diagnosed with diabetes have problems with kidney functioning, when the kidney cannot fulfill their usual tasks and remove the waste products from the body. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, improving the symptoms of diabetes and treating high blood pressure are the leading points, which will help you prevent complications and appearance of nephropathy symptoms. The occurrence of the disorder does not only harm your overall health state, but also damages the filtering system of the kidneys, triggering dangerous complications. To avoid fatal consequences, a patient should keep the health condition balanced and controlled, especially if he/she is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
Main Symptoms of Diabetic Nephropathy
The most dangerous point about nephropathy is the absence of symptoms at early stages, which means the condition is difficult to diagnose and improve. However, a patient with diabetes should pass urine tests regularly in order to eliminate unwanted abnormalities. Frequently, early stages of kidney disease of diabetes can be reversed. Despite the early stages show no symptoms, you can notice significant changes during the later stages of the condition development. The most unpleasant are:
- Decreased appetite;
- Reduced need of diabetes treatments or insulin;
- Protein in the urine;
- Poor ability to control blood pressure;
- Swelling of the legs and arms;
- Nausea, vomiting;
- Problems with concentration, attention and similar processes;
- Rapid fatigue and others.
You need to contact your medical specialist immediately if you have noticed any of these symptoms. Your doctor will recommend you several tests and procedures to find out the disorder, its severity and possible treatments.
Top Reasons of Diabetic Kidney Disease
Successful treatment of diabetic nephropathy can be possible only after correct diagnosing and discovering the cause of its occurrence. However, to understand these processes, you need to realize the process of kidney functioning and possible damages.
First of all, the kidneys feature numerous tiny blood vessels, which are responsible for filtering the blood. High blood glucose possible as a consequence of diabetes can destroy these vessels, preventing the kidneys from correct functioning. With the flow of time, the kidney cannot complete its task and work properly, so the condition known as kidney failure develops.
Despite there is no accurate information about the exact reasons of the condition development, people may be diagnosed with other complications or have certain unhealthy habits that advance the risk of nephropathy development, especially:
- Advanced cholesterol levels;
- Increased blood pressure
- Enhanced level of blood sugar;
- A history of diabetes with complications, either personal or family;
- Smoking and others.
Once a patient notices the occurrence of dangerous symptoms, but does not want to act treating them, he/she can develop even more serious impairments, such as:
- Fluid retention;
- Damaged blood vessels;
- Severe foot sores;
- Irreversible kidney damage;
- Pregnancy complications and others.
Preventing the Condition Occurrence
The treatment of the condition is definitely less effective than its prevention. Therefore, your primary task is to lead a healthy lifestyle in order to avoid chronic kidney disease appearance or related abnormalities. Keep active, maintain healthy weight, control your diet and consult your doctor regularly to prevent the signs of diabetic nephropathy. Additionally, you can follow some recommendations in order to prevent the risk of the abnormality occurrence:
- Treat diabetes;
- Follow the instructions to all the medications you use;
- Control your blood pressure;
- Exercise on a regular basis;
- Give up smoking;
- Eat a healthy diet;
- Check your blood glucose on a regular basis, etc.
While prevention was missed and you are still diagnosed with nephropathy, you need to contact your medical specialist and get the recommendations considering the medications to decrease blood pressure and avoid possible damage to the kidneys. Most commonly, the condition is treated with angiotensin II receptor blockers or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors.