Type 1 Diabetes and type 2 Diabetes affect a great number of people. Expectant women may evolve gestational diabetes. Nevertheless, there are some other variants of this sickness, which comprise only 2% of all cases of the illness. They are usually caused by genetic mutations.
MODY type of Diabetes
Maturity onset diabetes of the young is the full name of the illness. It affects people younger than 25 years old. Its nature differs compared to type 1 diabetes and type 2. This disorder can pass from one generation to another. Hence, it is hereditary. The cause of MODY is a mutation of gene. A child born in the family where one of the parents has MODY has 50% chances of developing the same problem. There are many forms of this disorder, which differ in gene that has mutated. The most frequently met forms of MODY are:
- Glucokinase. It is distinguished as inability of the human organism to recognize the level of blood sugar. As a rule, the indexes are only a bit higher than the norm. This ailment doesn’t need any remedy and possesses no danger in the future.
- HNF1-alpha. This one tends to be the most frequent. Diabetes evolves because the pancreas secretes less insulin than it is needed. Nevertheless, insulin is not used to treat this state.
- HNF4-alpha. This form is very rare. It usually strikes children who weighed more than 4kg at birth. They may have issues with blood glucose right after been born. This problem may need insulin injections in the future.
- HNF1-beta. The most dangerous form of MODY. It causes serious health issues like gout, uterine abnormalities and issues with kidneys. Such a disorder needs therapy with insulin accompanied with healthy nourishment and physical exercises.
Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adulthood (LADA)
This disease resembles type 1 diabetes as it is also an autoimmune disorder. Nevertheless, there are certain dissimilarities. The major one is the period of disease development. It may take from half a year to six years before a patient with LADA may require insulin treatment. The sickness ruins beta cells of the pancreas much slower than diabetes of the first type. It is often mixed up with type 2 diabetes as it is detected in individuals aged 30-50.
It is the state, when an individual suffering from type 1 diabetes gains type 2 diabetes. He or she becomes insulin resistant. It may happen due to various aspects including obesity.
It establishes in babies before nine months of age. Such children usually have some lags in development. Anyway, they may be lessened by the treatment of the core problem. It may be of two kinds: transient and permanent. Transient neonatal diabetes resolves by the end of the first year of life. Yet, these children have huge risks of evolving diabetes in the future. Permanent neonatal diabetes is a lifelong disorder.
This kind of diabetes has nothing to do with the blood glucose levels. Its main symptom is very often urination. The person suffering from this disorder may produce around 20 liters of urine throughout the day. The loss of moisture is huge. Hence, one should drink much water to sustain normal health condition. If such patient lacks water, he is at risk of dehydration with all the following consequences.
It is a rare genetic illness, which comprises diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus. Besides, people suffering from this disorder evolve deafness and optic atrophy, multiple problems with renal function and neurological issues. It is impossible to cure the syndrome. Nevertheless, some of the manifestations may be smoothed with the help of pills and insulin intake.
This one belongs to inherited diseases. It occurs very seldom and has the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Besides, people, who suffer from it, have other numerous illnesses, which exacerbate their state. To the symptoms of Alström Syndrome belong degeneration of retina, obesity, cardiomyopathy, deafness, kidney failure, issues with bones. There is no cure for this disorder. One may only get the therapy of some symptoms.
Diabetes as a consequence of steroid intake
Steroids are used to treat inflammation. The influence they have on the body increases the resistance of the cells to insulin thus causing hyperglycemia. The amount of glucose commonly gets back to the norm when the treatment is discontinued. Nevertheless, if the therapy is rather lasting, one may evolve steroid induced type 2 diabetes.
It is a subtype of type 1 diabetes, which is characterized by rapid changes in the glucose levels. It may change from hypoglycemia to hyperglycemia very fast causing serious health issues. Patients with liable diabetes often need to turn for medical help and stay in hospital. Hence, they cannot lead a normal life, which only exacerbates their condition as stress is one of the reasons of labile diabetes.
It commonly evolves as a consequence of some other health issues. Secondary diabetes is usually perpetual but, in some cases, one can completely cure or overcome the illness. This type of diabetes may progress from chronic pancreatitis, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Cushing’s syndrome, pancreatic cancer, hemochromatosis and several other diseases.
Establishing the right diagnosis gives any patient a chance for health improvement. Unfortunately, if the disease is rare and especially when it is caused by genetic mutation, the defining of the right diagnosis may take a long time. It may reduce the chances of the patient to avoid complications as the precious time will be lost.
Pay attention to your symptoms. In case you think you might have one of disorders, ask your doctor to conduct additional analysis.