Pre-diabetes is the condition preceding type-2 diabetes. It is characterized by increased amount of blood glucose. It is not as big as in diabetics but it’s out of the normal blood sugar levels. Pre-diabetes, contingent on the kind of analysis, which has detected it, may be referred to as:
- Impaired fasting glycemia or impaired fasting glucose, which is diagnosed when the glucose ranges from 6.1 to 6.9 mmol/L;
- Glycemia or impaired glucose tolerance. Such state means that your glucose is between 7.8 and 11.0 mmol/L
A pre-diabetic state doesn’t mean that you will inevitably get type-2 diabetes. It may be a warning, which will either evolve into a more serious problem or the level of glucose in the blood will be reduced thus excluding the possibility of further development of the illness. Everything depends on the strategy a patient will choose on discovering his condition.
Why does pre-diabetic condition develop?
Pre-diabetes develops because of changing of the amount of insulin. It is a hormone generated in the pancreatic islets. Insulin affects the organism of the human by regulating the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and protein. Nonetheless, its main job is to diminish the density of blood glucose rates.
If for some reasons the generation of insulin reduces, the quantity of sugar in blood grows. It may be the cause of type-2 diabetes progress.
Who is predisposed to this state?
The statistics shows that pre-diabetes abundance is close to that of diabetes: 3.5% in men between the age of 20 and 65 and 3.4% in women of the similar age group. Furthermore, there are various other causes advancing the risks of pre-diabetes:
- Age. People over 65 are more inclined to pre-diabetes.
- Ethnic group and race. It is scientifically proven that people of different ethnicity have different chances of getting pre-diabetes. The biggest risks exist for African Americans – 6.7%-13.2% depending on age. Next come Latin Americans (2.8%-8.3%) and whites (3.1%-7.7%);
- Excessive weight;
- Family history of type-2 diabetes;
- Passive way of life;
- High blood pressure;
- High level of cholesterol;
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome;
- Gestational diabetes or giving birth to children over 4.5kg of weight.
Can I avoid this state?
To prevent pre-diabetes, you should follow several simple advice:
- Pay attention to your meals. Do not eat food rich in “bad” cholesterol;
- Be physically active;
- Try to lose weight if you are obese;
Your health is in your hands. Don’t be lazy! Try to preclude diabetes before it is too late.