According to the figures announced by the World Health Organization, about 8.5% of the world’s population suffer from diabetes. This disorder is especially insidious because a person may not notice any signs of the disease until it is too late to prevent the alterations in the body (loss of eyesight, kidney issues, heart and nerve damage). The only way you can find out if you do have this illness or not is to pass a simple blood test.
One may say that such a serious problem cannot appear unexpectedly. There should be some predisposing factors that are different for all types of diabetes. Let’s have a look at the types of this disorder to find out the main factors of risk.
Conditions, which may lead to type 1 diabetes
This kind of diabetes is also known as juvenile or insulin-dependent. The nature of this illness is still unknown. Under some circumstances, the organism just stops secreting insulin. Lack of this important hormone causes high glucose levels in the human organism. Such diabetes is considered an autoimmune disorder. It means that the organism attacks its own cells.
Existence of this autoimmune sickness may provoke another disease called hypothyroidism. The statistics says that 10% of people living with type 1 diabetes are inclined to this thyroid disorder. It affects 30% of female patients with insulin-dependent diabetes.
The name of this type of diabetes speaks for itself because it is primarily detected in children and teenagers. The only way to cure juvenile diabetes is to take insulin. In case such patient does not get the necessary diabetes treatment, he has no prospects to survive.
For now, the exact reason of type 1 diabetes development is not known. Anyway, there are a couple of risk factors, which increase the probability of its appearance. They are:
- Heredity. If one of your close relatives like parents or siblings have this disease, your chances increase.
- Pancreas issues at the child’s age. They may influence the normal functioning of the organ and cause the reduction of insulin amounts produced.
- A combination of failure in genes and environmental factors. Though this is only a hypothesis.
The main signs, which should alert you are increased thirst and urination, constant hunger, changes in vision, rapid weight loss, fatigue.
If you notice any of these symptoms in your child, consult your healthcare provider and let your child pass a blood glucose test.
Risks of getting type 2 diabetes
It is also known as non-insulin-dependent. This type of diabetes usually breaks out in adults. It is characterized by inability of the body cells to use glucose for turning it into energy needed for normal functioning of the organism. They just do not respond to insulin. This state is called insulin resistance. It means that the pancreas needs to work more for maintaining the blood glucose level. As a result, the organ cannot cope with the load and finally fails.
The risks that promote the appearance of type 2 diabetes are:
- Obesity. Excessive weight is considered the main cause of diabetes. The majority of diabetics are overweight. The biggest risks are for those, who have a big waste and high body mass index.
- Low physical activity. People, who do not exercise, are more predisposed to type 2 diabetes.
- Eating high-calorie food and food rich in bad cholesterol. Unbalanced diet, which lacks nutrients needed for normal functioning of all organs and systems but is rich in fats and simple carbohydrates results in overweight, which is the foremost reason of diabetes.
- Age over 40. The overall condition of the human body gets worse at this age. Therefore, the possibility of getting diabetes rises. Nevertheless, people, who followed a healthy lifestyle, have smaller risks compared to those, who had bad eating habits and were physically inactive.
- Belonging to certain ethnic group. It has been proven that African-Americans, Hispanic/Latin Americans, Native Americans, Asian Americans and people of some other ethnicities have higher chances of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Gender. It is considered that men are predisposed to diabetes more than women because of the regional fat disposition (fat in man’s body is accumulated mainly on the waist). At the same time children born in the families where father has this illness have smaller chances of inheriting it than children from the families where mother suffers from diabetes.
- Drinking of sugar-sweetened beverages is considered a serious risk factor of type 2 diabetes development.
- Smoking also adds to the occurrence of this disorder.
- Children with low or too high birth weight are in the group of risk. The nutrition of a person in early childhood affects his predisposition to the illness.
- High blood pressure and issues of cardiovascular system in the whole contribute to gaining diabetes. That is why you should control your blood pressure.
- Relatives having diabetes.
When does gestational diabetes evolve?
Gestational diabetes is the illness of expectant women. It needs immediate treatment to lessen the risks for the expectant mother and the fetus. Its main risk factors are:
- Gestational diabetes during the previous pregnancies;
- Age of the pregnant woman. The older she is, the higher the risks;
- Excessive body mass. Obese women have higher chances to get this disease;
- Too much weight gained during pregnancy;
- Stillbirth in medical history;
- Inborn abnormalities in children born from the previous pregnancies;
- Family history of diabetes.
Gestational diabetes in women increases the possibility of type 2 diabetes in the child.
Remember, healthy way of life and physical activity reduce your chances to get type 2 and gestational diabetes. Unfortunately, nothing can be done to protect yourself from type 1 diabetes. Do not give up. Start your new life today!