Patients who are diagnosed with diabetes usually realize all the risks they have. However, ultimate attention should be paid to skin conditions, as diabetes can launch a range of disorders and complications. Timely and regular doctor’s consultations are inevitable for successful condition treatment before it gets out of your control.
Top Causes and Triggers of Diabetes Skin Problems
The main influence on the organism created by long-term type 2 diabetes is the decreased blood flow to the skin. Consequently, the damage to nerves and blood vessels is also possible. Reduced circulation usually changes collagen in the skin, which contributes to skin appearance, texture, and ability to heal.
Damages to the skin cells can prevent you from sweating, increasing the sensitivity to pressure and temperature. Additionally, a range of pharmaceuticals aimed at lowering blood sugar levels can influence the development of skin problems. According to the results of the investigations, over 35% of diabetic patients experience skin abnormalities. Therefore, it is advised to watch the condition of your skin and contact the medical specialist the moment you have noticed any abnormalities, especially:
- Irritations and injuries around insulin injection sites;
- Any changes in the skin condition;
- Decreased ability to heal wounds.
Main Symptoms of Complications: Reasons to Contact the Doctor
Following the medical information, diabetes can affect various parts of the body, and skin is under the highest risk. If your skin gets affected by diabetes, it is a true sign that you require better blood sugar control.
Irrespective of the condition you have and severity of the infection or other health impairments, certain symptoms you notice on the skin may require immediate doctor’s assistance and medical treatment. Therefore, you need to contact a medical specialist the moment your skin condition is changing, aggravating or triggering any of these symptoms:
- Open wounds or sores;
- Skin infections;
- Shin spots;
- Dark areas on the skin;
- Reddish or yellow skin patches;
- Dry and itchy skin;
- Thickening and hard skin;
- Small bumps;
- Skin tags;
- Scaly patches around the eyelids and others.
Types of Skin Problems Related to Diabetes
Once diagnosed with diabetes, you need to learn the specifications of skin conditions, which can appear and bother diabetic patients. This group of people is extremely susceptible to various influences, rapidly developing unwanted and dangerous health problems, such as:
Scleroderma diabeticorum. The condition is quite rare, but it interferes with the health of patients with type 2 diabetes. The key problem triggered by the disorder is skin thickening around the neck, back, and upper back.
Diabetic dermopathy is also known as shin spots, which are launched by significant changes of the blood vessels, which supply the skin with blood and other vital components. The result of the condition occurrence is the development of patches over the lower legs. The shiny, round lesions do not hurt but can trigger burning and itching sensations.
Vitiligo is another skin condition mainly associated with type 1 diabetes, though some patients with type 2 diabetes are also exposed to the disorder. The main problem related to the disorder is the absence of skin pigmentation, which results in discolored areas. Such areas can be easily sunburnt, so they require frequent sunscreens.
Diabetic neuropathy presupposes severe nerve damage, which is caused by advanced blood sugar levels and other signs of diabetes. The condition appears mainly on feet and legs, launching unpleasant feelings and sensations in the area.
Diabetic blisters. This is a rare symptom of skin problems associated with diabetes. People develop blisters on the toes, hands, legs, feet, forearms and similar areas. The blisters resemble burn ones, but they are painless.
Bacterial infections. Staphylococcus is the bacteria, which interferes with the skin condition in patients with diabetes. The result of bacteria influence is inflamed nodules of hair follicles, irritation or the skin and similar problems.
Fungal infections. Candida albicans, which resembles yeast infection, can result in devastating skin problems in diabetic patients. This infection launches disorders mainly in the vaginal area. Jock itch, athlete’s foot, and ringworm are top three infections that hit diabetic patients.
Available Treatments and Effective Ways to Balance the Condition
Contact your medical specialist the moment you have noticed any disorders caused by diabetes. Additionally, you need to seek emergency medical assistance if diabetes pharmaceuticals resulted in allergic skin reactions. Your doctor will change the prescription in order to eliminate life-threatening reactions. Besides, he/she can recommend effective and innovative treatments to improve the existing skin complications.